columns

How to build a General Intelligence: An interpretation of the biology

Figure 1: Our interpretation of the Thalamocortical system as 3 interacting sub-systems (objective, subjective and executive). The structure of the diagram indicates the dominant direction of information flow in each system. The objective system is primarily concerned with feed-forward data flow, for the purpose of building a representation of the… Read More »How to build a General Intelligence: An interpretation of the biology

How to build a General Intelligence: Circuits and Pathways

Figure 1: Our headline image is from the Cognitive Consilience: An atlas of key pathways cross-referenced to supporting literature articles. The complexity and variety of routing within the brain can be appreciated with this beautiful illustration. Note in particular the specialisation of cortical cells and the way this affects their… Read More »How to build a General Intelligence: Circuits and Pathways

A nomenclature for Cortical Columns and related concepts.

By Gideon Kowadlo and David Rawlinson In our last blog post, we discussed the repeating functional columnar structure of the neocortex, and the inconsistent terminology used to discuss it throughout the literature. As mentioned in that post, the function of the column is an important concept for understanding the function of the… Read More »A nomenclature for Cortical Columns and related concepts.

Mini, macro, micro and hyper columns: confusing terminology

Cell-type-specific 3D reconstruction of five neighboring barrel columns in rat vibrissal cortex (credit: Marcel Oberlaender et al.) It is well established that there is a functional columnar structure repeated throughout the cortex across species (the concept received significant attention after a study by Mountcastle in 1957 [1]; see [2] and… Read More »Mini, macro, micro and hyper columns: confusing terminology